In addition, zero product produced evidence of variance heterogeneity involving the sexes

In addition, zero product produced evidence of variance heterogeneity involving the sexes


A maximum of 923 students responded to this new COBADI 2.0 questionnaire (Table 1). New sample comprised primarily of women (81.2%), younger (average decades = (5.2), minute. = 17, maximum. = 50), and also in its first 12 months within college or university (50.2%). Bayesian inference lets us analyze inequitable samples when it comes to gender as it allows incorporating the brand new study having programming afterwards. The fresh new survey is introduced electronically so you’re able to students training Social Training and you will Societal Works (Universidad Pablo de Olavide) and you may Pedagogy (UNED) in informative decades and you can . There had been zero limitations into the participation, without monetary otherwise instructional added bonus are accessible to take part within this research.


With the George and Mallery (2003) classification, we found that the questionnaire had a high degree of overall reliability (? Cronbach = .83 (.81–.85), Guttman’s ?6 = .86). We also found a high degree of reliability in the subscale “Competences in the use of ICT for the search and treatment of information” (? Cronbach = .85 (.85–.89), Guttman’s ?6 = .87), moderate reliability in the subscale “Interpersonal competences in the use of ICT at university” (not considering items based on a preference kirgyzstani jenter for ekteskap scale, ? Cronbach = .65 (.58–.7), ?6 Guttman’s ?6 = .59), and moderate reliability in the scale “Virtual and social communication tools at university” (? Cronbach = .62 (.56–.68), Guttman’s ?6 = .51). The general descriptive results show (Table 3) that the vast majority of students have access to an Internet connection (98.2%). The time spent on the Internet is distributed among the following activities: university work (68.3%), use of social networks (63.9%) and listening to music (53.3%). It is significant that 77.8% stated that they never use Internet for gaming online, and 50.1% never use it to make new friends.

In the results for “Competences regarding the accessibility ICT for the research and you may medication of information”, we remember that each other men and women students be they have an effective number of skills in the access to “search engines like google”, “internet browsers”, “digital cartography” and you can “podcasting”. The tools they use that have reduced assurance are “QR codes” and the creation of “on the web demonstrations”. Gender difference try visible on the the means to access “electronic cartography”, with a good Bayes foundation off , which indicates that the details is moments likely to arrive throughout the theory you to claims there is a big change anywhere between men and you may female people compared to this new hypothesis regarding equivalent skills between the fresh sexes. This proves which is quite strong or definitive proof within the favour regarding a change between people, that have a sized aftereffect of .34 (.17, .51). Therefore, there can be proof the male children has actually better sensed ability from inside the digital cartography compared to the feminine pupils. This impact try suffered into addition of a past shipping which have an r parameter of 1.5 (Bayes foundation = , very good or decisive evidence). With respect to proficiency during the “on the internet presentations”, the outcomes inform you an excellent Bayes basis off eight.30, and this suggests that the data try eight.31 times expected to appear in this new theory that there was a difference anywhere between men and women pupils compared to this new theory regarding equivalent ability between your sexes. This proves that there is self-confident or generous proof of a great difference in the male and you can feminine pupils, that have a measurements of aftereffect of .twenty eight (.10, .45). Thus, there clearly was evidence the men keeps higher thought of proficiency when you look at the development “on line demonstrations” compared to the women. It impression was suffered whenever in addition to a past shipments which have an roentgen factor of just one.5 (Bayes factor = 5.36), because found inside the Fig. step one.

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